Security Papers from the 1980s

This webpage is an attempt to assemble a ranking of top-cited security papers from the 1980s. The ranking has been created based on citations of papers published at top security conferences. More details are available here.

Top-cited papers from 1989 ⌄

  1. 1
    D. F. C. Brewer and Michael J. Nash:
    The Chinese Wall Security Policy.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    1342 cites at Google Scholar
    2924% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Mark W. Eichin and Jon A. Rochlis:
    With Microscope and Tweezers: An Analysis of the Internet Virus of November 1988.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    315 cites at Google Scholar
    610% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    H. S. Vaccaro and Gunar E. Liepins:
    Detection of Anomalous Computer Session Activity.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    300 cites at Google Scholar
    576% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Li Gong:
    A Secure Identity-Based Capability System.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    272 cites at Google Scholar
    513% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    George I. Davida, Yvo Desmedt, and Brian J. Matt:
    Defending Systems against Viruses through Cryptographic Authentication.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    189 cites at Google Scholar
    326% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    Tsau Young Lin:
    Chinese wall security policy-an aggressive model.
    Annual Computer Security Applications Conference (ACSAC), 1989
    163 cites at Google Scholar
    267% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    Teresa F. Lunt:
    Aggregation and Inference: Facts and Fallacies.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    129 cites at Google Scholar
    191% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    Jonathan K. Millen:
    Finite-State Noiseless Covert Channels.
    IEEE Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF), 1989
    103 cites at Google Scholar
    132% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    J. Jacob:
    On the Derivation of Secure Components.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    99 cites at Google Scholar
    123% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    O. Sami Saydjari, J. M. Beckman, and J. R. Leaman:
    LOCK Trak: Navigating Uncharted Space.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1989
    82 cites at Google Scholar
    85% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1988 ⌄

  1. 1
    Dorothy E. Denning, Teresa F. Lunt, Roger R. Schell, William R. Shockley, and Mark R. Heckman:
    The SeaView security model.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    452 cites at Google Scholar
    476% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Daryl McCullough:
    Noninterference and the composability of security properties.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    293 cites at Google Scholar
    274% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    Teresa F. Lunt and R. Jagannathan:
    A prototype real-time intrusion-detection expert system.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    268 cites at Google Scholar
    242% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Thomas H. Hinke:
    Inference aggregation detection in database management systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    157 cites at Google Scholar
    100% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    Theodore M. P. Lee:
    Using mandatory integrity to enforce 'commercial' security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    126 cites at Google Scholar
    61% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    Matthew Morgenstern:
    Controlling logical inference in multilevel database systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    126 cites at Google Scholar
    61% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    Karen R. Sollins:
    Cascaded authentication.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    120 cites at Google Scholar
    53% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    Dale M. Johnson and F. Javier Thayer:
    Security and the Composition of Machines.
    IEEE Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF), 1988
    118 cites at Google Scholar
    50% above average of year
    Last visited: May-2018
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    Mark K. Joseph and Algirdas Avizienis:
    A fault tolerance approach to computer viruses.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    103 cites at Google Scholar
    31% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    John McLean:
    The algebra of security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1988
    102 cites at Google Scholar
    30% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1987 ⌄

  1. 1
    David D. Clark and D. R. Wilson:
    A Comparison of Commercial and Military Computer Security Policies.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    1781 cites at Google Scholar
    1127% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Daryl McCullough:
    Specifications for Multi-Level Security and a Hook-Up Property.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    359 cites at Google Scholar
    147% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    Jonathan K. Millen:
    Covert Channel Capacity.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    252 cites at Google Scholar
    74% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Dorothy E. Denning, Teresa F. Lunt, Roger R. Schell, Mark R. Heckman, and William R. Shockley:
    A Multilevel Relational Data Model.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    247 cites at Google Scholar
    70% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    Steve R. White and Liam Comerford:
    ABYSS: A Trusted Architecture for Software Protection.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    192 cites at Google Scholar
    32% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    Steve H. Weingart:
    Physical Security for the µABYSS System.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    143 cites at Google Scholar
    -1% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    John McLean:
    Reasoning About Security Models.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    131 cites at Google Scholar
    -10% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    Paul A. Karger:
    Limiting the Damage Potential of Discretionary Trojan Horses.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    103 cites at Google Scholar
    -29% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    Chii-Ren Tsai, Virgil D. Gligor, and C. Sekar Chandersekaran:
    A Formal Method for the Identification of Covert Storage Channels in Source Code.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    88 cites at Google Scholar
    -39% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    Tzong-An Su and Gultekin Özsoyoglu:
    Data Dependencies and Inference Control in Multilevel Relational Database Systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1987
    63 cites at Google Scholar
    -57% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1986 ⌄

  1. 1
    Dorothy E. Denning:
    An Intrusion-Detection Model.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    5067 cites at Google Scholar
    1587% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Dorothy E. Denning, Selim G. Akl, Matthew Morgenstern, Peter G. Neumann, Roger R. Schell, and Mark R. Heckman:
    Views for Multilevel Database Security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    200 cites at Google Scholar
    -33% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    J. Thomas Haigh and William D. Young:
    Extending the Non-Interference Version of MLS for SAT.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    180 cites at Google Scholar
    -40% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Andrew Birrell, Butler W. Lampson, Roger M. Needham, and Michael D. Schroeder:
    A Global Authentication Service without Global Trust.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    165 cites at Google Scholar
    -45% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    John E. Dobson and Brian Randell:
    Building Reliable Secure Computing Systems out of Unreliable Insecure Components.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    105 cites at Google Scholar
    -65% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    J. Thomas Haigh, Richard A. Kemmerer, John McHugh, and William D. Young:
    An Experience Using Two Covert Channel Analysis Techniques on a Real System Design.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    86 cites at Google Scholar
    -71% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    J.-M. Fray, Yves Deswarte, and David Powell:
    Intrusion-Tolerance Using Fine-Grain Fragmentation-Scattering.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    85 cites at Google Scholar
    -72% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    Richard Y. Kain and Carl E. Landwehr:
    On Access Checking in Capability-Based Systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    78 cites at Google Scholar
    -74% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    Virgil D. Gligor, E. L. Burch, C. Sekar Chandersekaran, Robert S. Chapman, Leslie J. Dotterer, Matthew S. Hecht, Wen-Der Jiang, Gary L. Luckenbaugh, and N. Vasudevan:
    On the Design and the Implementation of Secure Xenix Workstations.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    52 cites at Google Scholar
    -83% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    Dan M. Nessett:
    Factors Affecting Distributed System Security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1986
    47 cites at Google Scholar
    -84% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1985 ⌄

  1. 1
    Deborah Downs, Jerzy R. Rub, Kenneth C. Kung, and Carole S. Jordan:
    Issues in Discretionary Access Control.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    129 cites at Google Scholar
    322% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Dorothy E. Denning:
    Commutative Filters for Reducing Inference Threats in Multilevel Database Systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    94 cites at Google Scholar
    207% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    William Earl Boebert, R. Y. Kaln, William D. Young, and S. A. Hansohn:
    Secure Ada Target: Issues, System Design, and Verification.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    60 cites at Google Scholar
    96% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Tatsuski Okamoto and Akira Shibaishi:
    A Fast Signature Scheme Based on Quadratic Inequalities.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    55 cites at Google Scholar
    80% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    Gustavus J. Simmons:
    How to (Selectively) Broadcast A Secret.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    54 cites at Google Scholar
    77% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    Stephen T. Walker:
    Network Security Overview.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    45 cites at Google Scholar
    47% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    G. R. Blakley and Catherine A. Meadows:
    A Database Encryption Scheme Which Allows the Computation of Statistics Using Encrypted Data.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    35 cites at Google Scholar
    14% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    Robert W. Baldwin and Wayne Gramlich:
    Cryptographic Protocol for Trustable Match Making.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    31 cites at Google Scholar
    1% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    Richard D. Graubart and Kevin J. Duffy:
    Design Overview for Retrofitting Integrity-Lock Architecture onto a Commercial DBMS.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    25 cites at Google Scholar
    -18% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    James P. Anderson:
    A Unification of Computer and Network Security Concepts.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1985
    23 cites at Google Scholar
    -25% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1984 ⌄

  1. 1
    Joseph A. Goguen and José Meseguer:
    Unwinding and Inference Control.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    511 cites at Google Scholar
    972% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Paul A. Karger and A. J. Herbert:
    An Augmented Capability Architecture to Support Lattice Security and Traceability of Access.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    102 cites at Google Scholar
    114% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    Dorothy E. Denning:
    Cryptographic Checksums for Multilevel Database Security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    99 cites at Google Scholar
    108% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Jonathan K. Millen:
    The Interrogator: A Tool for Cryptographic Protocol Security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    78 cites at Google Scholar
    64% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    Richard D. Graubart:
    The Integrity-Lock Approach to Secure Database Management.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    52 cites at Google Scholar
    9% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    David Chaum:
    A New Paradigm for Individuals in the Information Age.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    43 cites at Google Scholar
    -10% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    M. Schaefer and Roger R. Schell:
    Toward an Understanding of Extensible Architectures for Evaluated Trusted Computer System Products.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    28 cites at Google Scholar
    -41% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    S. Kramer:
    Linus IV : An Experiment in Computer Security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    25 cites at Google Scholar
    -48% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    John D. McLean, Carl E. Landwehr, and Constance L. Heitmeyer:
    A Formal Statement of the MMS Security Model.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    20 cites at Google Scholar
    -58% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    T. Taylor:
    Comparison Paper between the Bell and LaPadula Model and the SRI Model.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1984
    15 cites at Google Scholar
    -69% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1983 ⌄

  1. 1
    John M. Rushby and Brian Randell:
    A Distributed Secure System.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    184 cites at Google Scholar
    447% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Virgil D. Gligor:
    A Note on the Denial-of-Service Problem.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    110 cites at Google Scholar
    227% above average of year
    Last visited: Jun-2018
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    Robert R. Jueneman, Stephen M. Matyas, and Carl H. Meyer:
    Message Authentication with Manipulation Detection Code.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    62 cites at Google Scholar
    84% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Gustavus J. Simmons:
    Verification of Treaty Compliance Revisited.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    47 cites at Google Scholar
    40% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    Bahaa W. Fam and Jonathan K. Millen:
    The Channel Assignment Problem.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    30 cites at Google Scholar
    -11% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    Subhash C. Kak:
    Joint Encryption and Error-Correction Coding.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    25 cites at Google Scholar
    -26% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    Billy G. Claybrook:
    Using Views in a Multilevel Secure Database Management System.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    25 cites at Google Scholar
    -26% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    Stephen J. MacKinnon and Selim G. Akl:
    New Key Generation Algorithms for Multilevel Security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    17 cites at Google Scholar
    -49% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    Roger R. Schell:
    Evaluating Security Properties of Computer Systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    9 cites at Google Scholar
    -73% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    K. A. Omar and David L. Wells:
    Modified Architecture for the Sub-Keys Model.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1983
    7 cites at Google Scholar
    -79% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1982 ⌄

  1. 1
    Joseph A. Goguen and José Meseguer:
    Security Policies and Security Models.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    2525 cites at Google Scholar
    1191% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Steven B. Lipner:
    Non-Discretionery Controls for Commercial Applications.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    163 cites at Google Scholar
    -17% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    Richard A. Kemmerer:
    A Practical Approach to Identifying Storage and Timing Channels.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    96 cites at Google Scholar
    -51% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    Richard D. Graubart and John P. L. Woodward:
    A Preliminary Neval Surveillance OBMS Sacurity.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    34 cites at Google Scholar
    -83% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    Dorothy E. Denning, Jan Schlörer, and Elisabeth Wehrle:
    Memoryless Inference Controls for Statistical Databases.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    30 cites at Google Scholar
    -85% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    Gustavus J. Simmons and Diane B. Holdridge:
    Forward Search as a Cryptanalytic Tool Against a Public Key.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    28 cites at Google Scholar
    -86% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    Deepinder P. Sidhu and Morrie Gasser:
    A Multilevel Secure Local Area Network.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    20 cites at Google Scholar
    -90% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    George I. Davida and Yi-Shiung Yeh:
    Cryptographic Relational Algebra.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    14 cites at Google Scholar
    -93% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    Selim G. Akl:
    Digital Signitures with Blindfolded Arbitrators Who Cannot Form Alliances.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    7 cites at Google Scholar
    -96% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    Gary Grossman:
    A Practical Executive for Secure Communications.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1982
    6 cites at Google Scholar
    -97% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI

Top-cited papers from 1981 ⌄

  1. 1
    Allen Stoughton:
    Access Flow: A Protection Model which Integrates Access Control and Information Flow.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    41 cites at Google Scholar
    125% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  2. 2
    Lawrence J. Shirley and Roger R. Schell:
    Mechanism Sufficiency Validation by Assignment.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    36 cites at Google Scholar
    98% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  3. 3
    Luke C. Dion:
    A Complete Protection Model.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    34 cites at Google Scholar
    87% above average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI
  4. 4
    G. R. Blakley and Laif Swanson:
    Security Proofs for Information Protection Systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    33 cites at Google Scholar
    81% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  5. 5
    Jonathan K. Millen:
    Information Flow Analysis of Formal Specifications.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    32 cites at Google Scholar
    76% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  6. 6
    Daniel J. Solomon:
    Processing Multilevel Secure Objects.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    32 cites at Google Scholar
    76% above average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  7. 7
    David A. Bonyun:
    The Role of a Well Defined Auditing Process in the Enforcement of Privacy Policy and Data Security.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    14 cites at Google Scholar
    -23% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  8. 8
    Dorothy E. Denning:
    Restriciting Queries that Might Lead to Compromise.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    11 cites at Google Scholar
    -40% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  9. 9
    Margaret S. Wu:
    Hierarchical Protection Systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    9 cites at Google Scholar
    -51% below average of year
    Last visited: Nov-2019
    Paper: DOI
  10. 10
    Carl H. Meyer, Stephen M. Matyas, and Richard E. Lennon:
    Required Cryptographic Authentication Criteria for Electronic Funds Transfer Systems.
    IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, 1981
    5 cites at Google Scholar
    -73% below average of year
    Last visited: Oct-2019
    Paper: DOI